EFFAB/ FABRE – TP
2)Code of Conduct on Agricultural Data Sharing by contractual agreement
EFFAB participated in 2017-18 on drafting a Code of Conduct on Agricultural Data Sharing. It aims to promote the benefits of sharing data in agriculture, setting transparent principles and guidelines to support the development of digital farming. Code of Conduct explains contractual relations and provides guidance on the use of agricultural data, particularly on the rights of access and use of the data.
All signatories of the Code of Conduct (AHE, COPA-COGECA, CEMA, Fertilizers Europe, CEETTAR, CEJA, ECPA, EFFAB, FEFAC, Euroseeds and CLIMMAR) recognise the need to grant the data originator a leading role in controlling access to and the use of data. The guidelines also underline that the right to determine who can access and use the data should be granted to the data originator. In practice this means that the rights to data collected on the farm or during farming operations are granted to the farmer and may be used as he or she sees fit.
1)The Farm to Fork strategy set a number of targets to achieve in 2030. Targets are not binding. Attached, you could find more details given by the Commission on 17 June :
• Reduction of sales of antimicrobials for farmed animals and aquaculture : year of reference 2017
• Reduction of nutrient losses (N and P)
• Increase of organic farming and aquaculture to 25% : for agriculture the target is a percentage of the total utilised agriculture area. For aquaculture, a % of the aqua production.
2)The European Parliament Research Service has also published a factsheet (attached) on the Farm to fork Strategy with a number of links
3) EFFAB News on NBTS and cloning update
• A revision of the document drafted by the EFFAB secretariat on the legal framework for cloning in animals in EU
• June 2020 edition on Genome Editing news
18. 8. 2020
FABRE – TP/ EFFAB office has received a new version of Green Deal Call draft text under finalisation (attached the version with TC and a clean version). This call should be opened in September 2020.
16. 6. 2020
1)Organické šľachtenie hospodárskych zvierat
Cieľom Výskumného ústavu pre organické poľnohospodárstvo v Bruseli (FiBL) je zmapovanie organických šľachtiteľských programov v EÚ. Osobitne tých, ktorí majú definované špecifické chovné ciele v súvislosti s organickou produkciou.
a samotný dotazník pre organizácie, združenia, iniciatívy a podniky:
2)Organic Cattle breeding project with SwissGenetics
o Short info in EN https://www.fibl.org/en/themes/projectdatabase/projectitem/project/1749.html
Ak máte záujem zdieľať tieto informácie s kanceláriou FABRE -TP/ EFFAB, môžete tak urobiť najneskôr do 5. 7. 2020
- aktivity v organickom šľachtení a výskume organického šľachtenia
- ak ste sa zapojili do dotazníka
- ak ste/zaujímate sa o zahrnutie do databázy
3)Novým nariadením 2018/848, ktoré vstúpi do platnosti v januári 2021 a nahradí 2007/834 sa vytvára Animal database firiem, ktoré majú produkty pre organický trh:
art.26 of the regulation (Collection of data concerning the availability on the market of organic and in-conversion plant reproductive material, organic animals and organic aquaculture juveniles)
Keďže v prípade osivárskych firiem už táto iniciatíva funguje, šľachtiteľské organizácie budú mať možnosť zverejňovať takýmto spôsobom svoju ponuku pre organické farmárstvo v database.
The news was related today at the Brussels media. One of the German Green MEP also signed the position paper and she explained the reasons in the article below. In the meantime, GREENS party at EP has published a statement reminding the original position of Greens on this issue. https://www.euractiv.com/section/agriculture-food/news/german-green-faction-pushes-for-gene-editing-overhaul-of-regulation/?utm_term=Autofeed&utm_medium=social&utm_source=Twitter#Echobox=1592316977
28. 5. 2020
EFFAB-FABRE TP Annual General Meeting
AGM final program
The final program of the online version of the Annual General Meeting of EFFAB & FABRE 2020 is ready. It will be held as an online event through GoToWebinar on Thursday the 28th of May, from 10:00 to 16h30.
The open part of the meeting will be held in the morning with some interesting presentations related to the current Covi19 crisis, the European political and research context and the role of the livestock sector at the European level.
The official part of the Annual meeting will be held in the afternoon; starting with the FABRE TP AGM and followed by the EFFAB AGM, where the AGM minutes (2019), annual reports & financial reports (2019), the budget for 2020, new version of code EFABAR and other relevant matters for EFFAB and FABRE TP will be discussed.
We have tried to imagine a program that could interest both EFFAB and FABRE TP members. Due to the special format of the meeting, we don’t need to limit attendance for one person per company/knowledge institute. Don’t hesitate to make follow the invitation to your colleagues.
9:30-10:00 Virtual welcome with (home) coffee
10:00 Opening session
10:05 Keynote presentations of Covid19 impacts on EU food, farming and breeding sectors
11:00 European policy on livestock and research
12:00 The role of the European Livestock sector
12:45 Lunch break
14:00 FABRE TP Annual General Meeting
15:15 EFFAB Annual General Meeting
We hope to make this online meeting a great success and thank you beforehand for your participation!
Looking forward to meet you,
The EFFAB and FABRE TP secretariats
Názov: Farm to fork and Biodiversity strategy
The EU Farm to Fork and the EU Biodiversity Strategies under the EU Green Deal have been published today, 20 May 2020. Vice commissioner Timmermans presented main lines with Mrs. Kyriakides (Health commissioner) and Mr. Sinkevičius (Environment Commissioner). Commissioner of Agriculture didn’t participate to this presentation where producers and consumer are at the heart of the Farm to Fork Strategy.
Attached, you could find both texts and infographics of both strategies.
- The Biodiversity Strategy aims to protect and restore nature. Regarding genetics, it is said that the decline of genetic diversity must also be reversed, including by facilitating the use of traditional varieties of crops and breeds. This would also bring health benefits through more varied and nutritious diets. The Commission is considering the revision of marketing rules for traditional crop varieties in order to contribute to their conservation and sustainable use. The Commission will also take measures to facilitate the registration of seed varieties, including for organic farming, and to ensure easier market access for traditional and locally adapted varieties.
- Farm to Fork Strategy aims to improve the sustainability of the EU food systems. Some of the major measures mentioned at the press conference were :
- The reduction of the use of antimicrobials, fertilisers and pesticides before 2030. AB reduction should be 50% but the commissioner didn’t give the year of reference for this reduction, even after a question of a journalist. It could be 2020 or before. We know that the use of antibiotics in livestock and aqua farming has already decreased by 50% since 2011. Reduction of fertilisers, including manure, should raise 20%
- The increase of the organic production from 8% to 25% as they are healthier products
- A new green business model for farmers and aqua producers ; farming practices removing CO2 from the atmosphere will be promoted
- EC study on NGTs should show the need or not to review legislation (GMO directive) if they can improve sustainability of the food production
- Horizon Europe will foster research and innovation for the transition to sustainable, healthy and inclusive food systems. And Invest EU fund should contribute to foster investment in the agri-food sector for, mainly for SMEs.
- The Commission will revise the existing animal welfare rules including on animal transport and slaughter of animals. The purpose is to align it with latest scientific evidence.
- Animal welfare labelling is going to be considered; enabling consumer choice whilst offering farmers incentives for improving animal welfare.
- EU promotion program should focus on sustainable food. In relation to meat, EU should use its promotion programme to support the most sustainable, carbon-efficient methods of livestock production.
- The reduction of food waste
- A voluntary EU code of conduct for responsible business and marketing practices for food processors and retailers
- Mandatory front-of pack nutrition labelling. EU will encourage product reformulation. They should also restric promotion of foods high on fats, sugar and salt
The AGM of EFFAB and FABRE TP next week foresees a session on EU policies. A representative from DG SANTE, regarding the Farm to Fork Strategy. And a representative from DG RTD to talk about Horizon Europe program. DG AGRI will be available for questions on Horizon EU program. This is an extreme important moment to address the right questions from the field to these persons in charge of different EU policies.
15. 5. 2020 Patentability of plants/animals obtained by classical breeding : EPO opinion
The board of Appel of EPO, the European Patent Office, has published on 14 May 2020 a press release concerning opinion G 3/19. In September 2019 the EP has called the EPO, which is an independent body from the European Union, to avoid patentability of organisms (plants and animals) obtained by conventional breeding (below information related to the process sent on 30 September 2019).
The opinion published yesterday concluded that plants and animals exclusively obtained by essentially biological processes are not patentable. The Board adopted a dynamic interpretation of the exception to patentability under Article 53(b) of the European Patent Convention (EPC) and held that the non-patentability of essentially biological processes for the production of plants or animals also extends to plant or animal products that are exclusively obtained by means of an essentially biological process. In adopting this dynamic interpretation, the Enlarged Board abandoned its earlier interpretation of Article 53(b) EPC in decisions G 2/12 (Tomatoes OJ EPO 2016, A27) and G 2/13 (Broccoli, OJ EPO 2016, A28 ). It held that, after the introduction of new Rule 28(2) EPC, Article 53(b) EPC was to be interpreted to exclude from patentability plants, plant material or animals, if the claimed product is exclusively obtained by means of an essentially biological process or if the claimed process features define an essentially biological process. In order to ensure legal certainty and to protect the legitimate interests of patent proprietors and applicants, the Enlarged Board ruled that the new interpretation of Article 53(b) EPC given in G 3/19 had no retroactive effect on European patents containing such claims which were granted before 1 July 2017, or on pending European patent applications seeking protection for such claims which were filed before that date.
Attached the full text of the press release and the resolution published by the EP in September 2019. And a very well done summary of 2 pages found on the web describing the whole procedure and implications. Below the link to the full text of the EPO opinion.
On 19 September, the plenary of the European Parliament adopted a resolution regarding patentability of plants and animals obtained by classical breeding (biological process). This resolution aims to show to the European Patent Office the opinion of the EP on this topic ; after the patents granted on tomatoes and broccoli (See below)
The European Parliament (EP) insisted that plants & animals obtained through natural breeding processes such as crossing must not become patentable. Following a decision of the Agri Committee (4th Sept) of EP and a debate earlier in the week on the basis of an oral question to the Commission and the adoption of a non-legislative resolution yet, the House called on the EU executive to do as much as it can to convince the European Patent Office (EPO) not to grant patents for products obtained using essentially biological processes. MEPs want the EPO to restore legal clarity on the issue, underlining that open access to breeding material was essential for innovation, food security & the environment.
The question was put by German MEP Norbert Lins (EPP) on behalf of COMAGRI. This question come after that the EPO, which is not an EU body, opened the possibility of granting patent protection to conventionally-bred plants in March 2015, after attempts to register tomatoes with reduced water content and broccoli growing with a selective increase of the anticarcinogenic glucosinolates.
EFFAB Steering Committee has supported the position of the EP Agriculture Committee pushing to avoid patents on animals obtained by classical breeding. What it is called Biological process in the Biotech Directive and must be defined in national legislation.
After the adoption of the resolution, the EP President David Sassoli is instructed to submit the resolution to the Enlarged Board of Appeal of the EPO, which is currently considering cases of this type, by 1st Oct, the deadline set by the Enlarged Board for written submissions. The EPO’s Enlarged Board of Appeal has final judgment on the issue. Please, remember that EPO is not a EU body. A resolution coming from the EP is a political position on this issue, not legislation.
You could find here below a video registered by EP to explaining main lines of this issue and why EP adopted this resolution. It talks mainly about plants, of course. And in attached file the 4 pages resolution.
13. 5. 2020 A bigger conversation and Compassion in world farming have organised last year a roundtable at UK level on Genome Editing and livestock farming (June 2019). They have the intention to repeat the experience at the EU level. EFFAB was invited to participate at this EU roundtable in March 2020. It was cancelled.
Now, they are “keeping the conversation” during the Covid19 lockdown and they have launched a survey on citizens perception of Genome Editing in food and farming, below. It’s a very short survey that you can answer and also share with people out of the sector, even your friends and families.
30. 4. 2020 sa uskutocnil info meeting k výzvam programu LIFE. Do 15 mája je stále možnosť realizovať bilaterálne rokovania. Pre ďalšie informácie prosím sledujte linky v texte nižšie.
The info day about LIFE program took place on 30 April. We hope that some of you were able to attend. You have still the possibility to have the bilateral virtual meetings until 15 May. The secretariat of EFFAB was attending the live steaming. Here below the link with the presentations, to the recorded session and a short summary drafted by Cagla.
2. Live web streaming session https://eu-life-2020.b2match.io/home
3. Summary : There was some emphasis on how to write a good concept note and proposal. However it’s the general rules that apply to all programs. It is important to know that these projects are not R&D and they could also be prepared to implement an innovation.
It requires 55-60% co-funding from beneficiaries but it’s up to beneficiaries to decide who contributes more who less. They are quite flexible projects which means they are open to transnational cooperation if needed, no limit of beneficiaries/countries…etc However they said that they are very competitive. Only 1/3 of the submitted projects usually get to 2nd stage. The closer the topic is related to priority topics, the more bonus it gets. In this sense, FABRE-TP members have a high chance for increasing resilience to climate change, resource efficiency, and as you mentioned GHG emissions.
4. The deadline for calls are given here https://ec.europa.eu/easme/en/section/life/calls-proposals
Main topics are;
- Environmental technologies and solutions including water, waste, air quality, soil, forest, health
- Climate change adaptation
- Climate change mitigation
- Nature conservation and biodiversity
- Climate and environmental governance and information initiatives
The European Commission has launched its 2020 call for project proposals under the LIFE programme and its environment and climate action sub-programmes, thereby helping implement the European Green Deal.
LIFE projects are quite useful for practice. Most LIFE projects are so-called traditional projects that can be coordinated by any legal entity registered in the EU. These include public institutions, businesses and non-governmental organisations (NGOs). A lot of traditional projects show best-practices, run pilots, raise public awareness or demonstrate breakthroughs in environmental practices. Applications are also being accepted for bigger so-called integrated projects. These projects run strategic EU plans on the environment and the climate and tend to have a regional, multi-regional, national or trans-national dimension.
An online info day is organised by EU commission next week, on 30 April. You can register until 25 April. https://eu-life-2020.b2match.io/home/
If you would like to apply, don’t forget that EFFAB could help you to match with smaller organisations, for consortium building. And don’t forget to keep EFFAB in mind to take part in a proposal.
More detailed information about the program can be found within the links below :
Some measures have been taken to facilitate the proposal application under COvid19 time. https://ec.europa.eu/easme/en/section/life/calls-proposals#inline-nav-1
7. 4. 2020
Európska komisia publikovala FAQ. Týkajú sa vplyvu COVID19 na prebiehajúce projekty: https://ec.europa.eu/info/funding-tenders/opportunities/portal/screen/support/faq;type=1;categories=;programme=H2020;actions=;keyword=COVID-19%20outbreak
EFSA published early March a press release saying that there is currently no evidence that food is a likely source or route of transmission of the virus. EFSA’s chief scientist, Marta Hugas, said: “Experiences from previous outbreaks of related coronaviruses, such as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), show that transmission through food consumption did not occur. At the moment, there is no evidence to suggest that coronavirus is any different in this respect.” https://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/news/coronavirus-no-evidence-food-source-or-transmission-route
EFSA gives a link to the BfR website that has updated FAQ on this topic on 23rd March. https://www.bfr.bund.de/cm/349/can-the-new-type-of-coronavirus-be-transmitted-via-food-and-objects.pdf
Iowa State university has also published that livestock appears to be safe from Covid 19. https://www.news.iastate.edu/news/2020/03/19/covid19livestock
COMAGRI – informácia poľnohospodárskeho výboru Európskeho parlamentu z verejného vypočutia: Výskum a Inovácie v poľnohospodárstve
Európska komisia publikovala: „Farm to fork“ stratégiu
feedback do 16. 3. 2020 – viac detailov:
GenRes bridge project v spolupráci s ERFP pre Živočíšne genetické zdroje spustil webstránku pre Genetické zdroje https://www.genresj.org/index.php/grj
Genetic Resource website je Open Acces vedecký časopis, ktorý diseminuje globálne poznanie a nástroje pre komunity profesionálov oblasti rastlinných, živočíšnych a lesných genetických zdrojov, t.j. monitoringu, zberu, udržiavania, konzervovania, charakterizovania a použitia genetických zdrojov pre produkciu potravín, poľnohospodárstvo a lesníctvo.
Follow-up „Farm to fork“ Strategy
Po stretnutí z 18. 2. 2020 v Bruseli, kde bolo veľké množstvo výziev od NGO ohľadne F2F, s cieľom obmedziť spotrebu a produkciu mäso/mlieko, tieto organizácie zaslali európskym komisárom spoločný list s výzvou na redukciu živočíšnej produkcie na EU úrovni. Tu je link na spomínaný list:
Ešte predtým ako bol tento list odoslaný, EFFAB pripravil pre EU komisárov vyhlásenie v spolupráci s koordinačnou platformou pre hospodárske zvieratá ohľadne F2F. Tento list nieje reakciou na vyhlásenia NGO. Členmi platformy sú: COPA-COGECA, UECBV, AVEC, COTANCE, CLITRAVI, FurEurope, FEFAC, FEFANA, EDA, Animal Health Europe a EFFAB.
V tejto súvislostí bol vypočutý v Bruseli aj CEO Nestle, ktorý komentoval niektoré „náhrady mäsa a mlieka “ rastlinného pôvodu a CMO reguláciu na zníženie predaja mäsa.
„Posledný rok, poslanci EP hlasovali o pozmeňujúcom a doplňujúcom návrhu nariadenia s cieľom vyhradiť výrazy a názvy týkajúce sa mäsa výlučne pre jedlé časti zvierat. Mohol by to byť problém pri rozbiehaní odvetvia alternatív rastlín a mäsa?“
Mali by sme premýšľať o spotrebiteľoch a uvádzať ich do centra pozornosti. Spotrebitelia chcú vo svojej strave robiť lepšie rozhodnutia a chcú mať rôzne druhy výrobkov, a nie iba mäso alebo mäsové bielkoviny. A to je dobré pre ich stravu, pretože vieme, že obezita tiež pochádza z nadmernej konzumácie potravín na báze mäsa. Nechajme to jednoduché. Samozrejme by sme nemali zavádzať spotrebiteľa, ktorý volá kurča, čo nie je kurča. Slovo „hamburger“ však neznamená časť zvieraťa, ale skôr prípravu. Používanie slov ako hamburgery alebo klobásy by sa malo povoliť, ak uvediem, že ide o vegetariánske výrobky.
Celé vypočutie je dostupné tu: https://www.euractiv.com/section/agriculture-food/interview/nestle-chief-eus-green-deal-should-ensure-prosperity-too/?utm_source=EURACTIV&utm_campaign=b2f9a95bf2-AgriFood_Brief_COPY_02&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_c59e2fd7a9-b2f9a95bf2-116215591
EFFAB podporuje a stále sa zúčastňuje na legislatívnom návrhu (príprava stále pokračuje) COMAGRI v EP na ochranu spotrebiteľov a názvov predaja mäsa, ako aj mliečnych výrobkov.